cadillac

 

Well known as an American big car for the rich, for Europeans it was difficult to understand that GM intended to make the Cadillac marque popular here among premium D-class car buyers with the arrival in 2006 of the BLS, a Swedish built reshaped 4-year-old Saab 9-3 on the shorter Epsilon platform.  The related Opel Vectra C sedan stood on the longer 270 cm wheelbase, as did the Chevrolet Malibu.

In 2007 a record 3,000 Cadillacs were sold in Europe (4,500 incl. Russia), of which the majority were American models (mainly SUVs), while over 7,000 were sold in China, then a market less than half as large as Europe, with the arrival of the impressive SLS (Seville Luxury Sedan), a (rwd) STS with extended rear compartment, of which 30,000 eventually would be made and sold, the latter half with a 4-cylinder 2-litre turbo engine.  The SLS with Northstar V8 engine was limited for export to the Middle East by March 2008.  The SLS introduced SGM’s OnStar in China late in 2009.

By 2017, GM sold more Cadillacs in China than in the USA and Canada together, and nowadays more Cadillacs are sold in China, than in the rest of the world, but that is no exception.  The Chinese car market surpassed that of the USA in crisis year 2009.  From 2008 to 2010, the Chinese car market doubled.  The Cadillac brand was introduced in China in 2004.  In 2005, nearly 2,800 Cadillac CTS were assembled.  Forty-five years earlier, assembling of Cadillacs had stopped in Europe, after these cars had grown too big.  Cadillacs (and Buicks) were of course already sold in Taiwan in the 1990s, incl. the Opel-built Catera.

Unexpectedly, by autumn 2020, China and not America were granted the latest amenities, such as the adaptive matrix headlight system in the XT6 (a lesser variant is available in the 2020 Buick GL8 Avenir), the facial recognition unlocking and starting system in the XT4, and the Super Cruise semi-autonomous highway driving in the CT6 (earlier available in North America, and by 2021 in the CT4, CT5 and Escalade).

 

Cadillac XTS  USA June 2012 - 2020, China: April 2013 – October 2019

The name of this model preceded the time that ‘X’ would mean crossover. This front-wheel-drive car on the extended Epsilon II platform denied its all-wheel-drive option and air springs to China.  US models without air suspension came only for the 2018 model year, after it was decided to continue the XTS with sales in China growing 25~50% in 2016 and 2017, exceeding US sales year by year.  The 2-litre turbo engine in China delivered 45 hp less power, but 45 Nm more torque than the 3.6, abandoned here by 2015.  With the production of the XTS ending in October 2019, some 18,000 were sold in North America in 2018, vs 65,000 in China (11,300 vs 42,200 in 2019).

Platform:

ext. Epsilon II

XTS

rear suspension:

see below

GM

GM

GM

wheelbase (cm):

283.7

L850

HF6

HF6

length from (cm):

513.1

4 cyl.

V6

V6

width (cm):

185.2

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

cc:

1998

3564

3564

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

twin turbo

market:

USA/CDN

curb weight from:

1877

kg

12-19

12-19

rear susp:

12-17

4-link independent, H-arm, air springs

fwd or awd

awd

17-19

fwd: 4-link independent, H-arm, coil springs

6A

6A

17-19

fwd opt., awd: 4-link indep., H-arm, air springs

227

306

kW

305

410

hp

355

500

Nm

China

4-link independent, H-arm, coil springs

13-19

13-14

curb weight from:

1840

kg

28T

36S

fwd

fwd

6A

6A

kW

193

224

hp

262

305

13-18         Nm

400

360

18-19         Nm

353

 

Cadillac ATS-L  China: October 2014 – September 2019

The 8.5 cm longer Chinese ATS-L practically outsold the US ATS from the start.  In the USA, the ATS had arrived in autumn 2012 and, after a year was imported to China until the ATS-L was produced there a year later.  At that time, in America had arrived a 2-door coupe, which would outlive the sedan there from autumn 2018, while the manual transmission was deleted, which was never offered in China, nor was all-wheel-drive.  The ATS-L stopped in 2019 with 26,000 units sold.

platform:

Alpha

ATS/ATS-L

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

L850

L850

L880

HF6

HF6 II

HF6

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

V6

V6

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

cc:

1998

1998

2457

3564

3649

3564

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

twin turbo

market:

ATS-V

USA/CDN

ATS

sedan

coupe

sedan:

12-14

14-18

12-16

12-15

15-18

15-18

curb weight from:

1505

1547 kg

coupe:

14-19

14-15

15-19

15-19

wheelbase (cm):

277.5

277.5

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

length from (cm):

464.3

466.3

6M'/6A

6M'/6A8A

6A > 8A

6A

8A

6M'/8A

width (cm):

180.5

184.2

kW

203

203

151

239

250

346

kW

hp

272

272

202

321

335

464

hp

Nm

353

400

259

373

386

603

Nm

'rwd only

'rwd only, -18

'15: 8A

' 6M: -18

'15: 6A > 8A

 

China

import

ATS

sedan

13-14

28T

rwd

6A

kW

203

hp

272

Nm

353

China

ATS-L

sedan

14-15

14-19

curb weight from:

1600

kg

25T

28T

wheelbase (cm):

286

rwd

rwd

length from (cm):

473

6A

'15: 6A > 8A

width (cm):

182.4

kW

164

200

hp

223

272

Nm

353

400

 

Cadillac CT6  China: January 2016, USA: March 2016 - 2020

The first vehicle on the light-weight Omega platform, with a weight from 1655 kg, the impressive CT6 set new standards for an over 5-meter car on an over 3-meter wheelbase.  This is just 55 kg over the much smaller ATS-L.  The CT6 features a multi-material body-in-white that has 20% fewer parts and is 100 kg lighter than a comparable steel structure.  Conceived as a rear-wheel-drive sports sedan (with available all-wheel-drive), there is no air springs option. 

Two months earlier on the market in China than in the USA, the Chinese CT6 outsold the American CT6 from mid-2017.  A plug-in hybrid model, actually an extended range electric vehicle, was made from autumn 2017 till autumn 2018 in China, and also imported to North America.  This 2-tonne vehicle at a price of $75,000 was $16,000 more expensive than the regular model with the same 2-litre engine, actually a green vehicle in disguise with the 2.0E badge at the back, but with a second ‘filler’ cap at the left side of the car.   With two US-built electric motors mated to the 2-litre turbo engine, three power sources were its characteristic, and as drawback a reduced trunk capacity due to the battery pack. 

Some 1,450 CT6 Plug-in hybrid models were built, of which about 200 went to North America.  During the sales period of the CT6 in China, a notable 8% were hybrids (in Chinese manner with a 30E badge on the back, as well as a ‘plug-in hybrid’ badge, whereas the regular 2-litre model has a 28T badge).  In August 2019, VW and GM said they believe that hybrid cars have no future, though a PHEV (E-REV) Buick Velite 6 will arrive in 2020. 

When the plug-in model was deleted, another ‘Tripower’ model arrived in autumn 2018 with a long-stroke 2-litre engine with cylinder deactivation and low or high intake-valve lift, depending on power of driving, but it was deleted the next spring in America, possibly as the engine was needed for the Chevrolet Blazer and Cadillac CT5 and XT5.  This meant that all CT6 models there featured four-wheel-drive.  In China, in the first three quarters of 2019, only a quarter of a percent were four-wheel-drive models (68 units), of which sales stopped that year.  Here the new 2-litre engine became the only offering in 2019.  Cylinder deactivation has been earlier practised by Cadillac for the 1981 model year with the ‘Displacement on Demand’ V8-6-4 L62 6-litre 140 hp engine, realizing a 15% better gas mileage, but rather powerless when riding on 4 cylinders.

Production of the CT6 in North America stopped in February 2020, after from 2016 till 2019 some 9,500, 11,000, 10,000 and 8,000 units were sold, compared with 6,000, 12,000, 17,000 and 22,500 in China. 

In July 2020, Cadillac in China added two CT6 2-litre Super Cruise editions, after its availability had stopped earlier this year when the V6 model was deleted.  In 2017, the Cadillac CT6 with Super Cruise was launched in the U.S. and Canada, and the next year in China.  It is China's first mass-produced intelligent driving technology to let go two-handed driving on the highway (semi-autonomous highway driving).

 

platform:

Omega

CT6

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1655

kg

L850

L850

CSS

HF6

HF6 II

Blackwing

wheelbase (cm):

310.9

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

V6

V8

length from (cm):

517.9

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

187.9

cc:

1998

1998

1998

2990

3649

4192

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

turbo

twin turbo

twin turbo

plug in

market:

CT6-V

USA/CDN

16-18

17-18

18-19

16-20

16-20

19-20

rwd

rwd

rwd

awd

awd

awd

8A

EVT

10A

   '8A, 18> 10A

10A

kW

198

198+52

177

301

250

373-410

kW

hp

265

265+70

237

404

335

500-550

hp

Nm

400

400+186

350

542

385

750-850

Nm

EPA electric drive range

km

50

China

16-18

17-18

18-

16-19

28T

30E

28T

40T

rwd

rwd

rwd

awd

8A

EVT

10A

8A, 19 > 10A

max kW

198

198+52

177 > 174

298

max hp

269

269+71

237 > 233

404

Nm

400

400+186

350

543

NEDC electric drive range

km

80

l/100 km

7.9

1.7

7.1

9.3 > 9.2

EVT: electric variable transmission

 

Cadillac XT5  China, USA: April 2016

As the first model on the new C1 platform, which is the crossover version of the E2 architecture, the XT5 was introduced in April 2016, in the USA with the new V6 3.6 engine, and in China with the 2-litre turbo engine, both markets with the choice of front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive.  In 2017 China added a mild hybrid awd version (6.6 kW/49 Nm motor) with a nine-speed automatic gearbox, reducing the fuel consumption from 8.7 to 7.9 l/100 km.  By 2018 Chinese sales exceeded those of North America, with one out of every eight a hybrid.  In summer 2019, the only engine for China became the new 2-litre turbo with cylinder deactivation, which engine was added to the line in the USA.   In China, a 48V mild hybrid came by February 2021.

In China in 2019, 7% were hybrid models, and in 2020, about three, in America four out of every ten is four-wheel-drive.  In April 2020 in China, the power was slightly reduced, improving the fuel consumption from 7.5 to 7.3 l/100 km (awd: 7.9 > 7.8 l/100 km).  In Russia, since February 2020, the awd XT5 is imported with the 2-litre engine derated to a tax-efficient 200 hp.  Some 1,250 units were sold there of the earlier model with V6 engine.

platform:

C1UL

XT5

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1795

kg

L850

L850

L850

CSS

CSS

HF6 II

wheelbase (cm):

285.7

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

length from (cm):

481.2

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

190.3

cc:

1998

1998

1998

1998

1998

3649

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

mild hybrid

mild hybrid

market:

USA/CDN

19-

16-

20: 350T

20: 400

fwd/awd

fwd/awd

9A

8A, 19 > 9A

177

231

kW

237

310

hp

350

367

Nm

fwd -19

Russia

20-

16-20

350T

awd

awd

9A

8A, 19 > 9A

147

228

kW

200

310

hp

350

367

Nm

China

16-19

16-19

17-19

19-21

21-

25T

28T

28E

28T

fwd

awd

awd

fwd/awd

fwd/awd

8A

8A

9A

9A

9A

max kW

179

193

193 + 6.6

177 > 174

174 + 10

max hp

243

262

262 + 9

237 > 233

233 + 13

Nm

400

400

400

350

350 + 50

l/100 km

8.2

8.7

7.9

-20: 7.5/7.9

7.0/7.4

l/100 km

20-21: 7.3/7.8

 

Cadillac XT4  China, USA: September 2018

This light-weight crossover also was launched simultaneously in USA and China, both with the new 2-litre CSS (Cylinder Set Strategy) turbo engine with power dependent valve management and cylinder deactivation, and front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive, with 32,000 US sales vs 47,000 in China in 2019.  In the US, the fwd/awd sales split was about fifty-fifty.  In China, the two-wheel drive top configuration accounts for more than half of the XT4's sales.

In October 2020, the XT4 arrived in Europe with a new 4-cylinder 2-litre diesel engine, developed at the former GM Powertrain Torino, that will also be fitted in the Insignia.  The 3-cylinder version came in the Astra in August 2019, and a 6-cylinder ‘Duramax’ in the Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra.

From September 2020 in China only, at a price of 10,000 yuan, the XT4 can be equipped with a facial recognition unlocking and starting system, at which the touchscreen on the B-pillar is activated automatically through the driver’s mobile phone's Bluetooth recognition wake-up function.

platform:

E2UL

XT4

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1642

kg

CSS

CSS dsl

wheelbase (cm):

277.9

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

length from (cm):

460

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

188.1

1998

1995

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

diesel

market:

USA/CDN

18-

20: 350T

fwd/awd

9A

177

kW

237

hp

350

Nm

China

18-

28T

fwd/awd

9A

177 > 174

max kW

237 > 233

max hp

350

Nm

7.2/7.6

l/100 km

Europe

20-

20-

350T

350D

fwd/awd

fwd/awd

9A

9A

177

128

kW

237

174

PS

350

380

Nm

Russia

21-

21-

350T

350D

fwd

fwd

9A

9A

147

128

kW

199

174

PS

350

380

Nm

 

Cadillac XT6  USA: June 2019, China: July 2019

This is a 3-seat row model, featuring the same engine availability as the XT5, except that the 2-litre initially was denied to America, but added by model year 2021.  In America the standard seat layout is 2-3-2, and optional 2-2-2 with captain’s chairs in the middle.  In China, this latter option initially was the standard layout, with a 7-seater available free of charge for the entry-level front-wheel-drive model, but by November 2019 more models got this seating choice.  In China it is offered for about half of the price of other luxury SUVs sold in the form of imports.  In June 2020, the power was slightly reduced, improving the fuel consumption from 7.8 (awd: 8.2) to 7.6 (awd: 8.1) l/100 km, and by February 2021 to 7.2 (awd: 7.6), adding a 10 kW electric motor (mild hybrid).

There is a choice of single or triple headlights, the latter with a new adaptive matrix system that continuously assesses the profile of the oncoming and preceding traffic and adjusts the headlamps’ 14 LED segments to provide 28 independent lighting zones for the driver while reducing glare for the other concerned road users.  It was a standard feature across XT6 variants in China, until more basic models were added by June 2020.  Unfortunately, in North America, this system is for the present forbidden by federal motor vehicle regulations (though it is legal in Canada).

11,559 units were sold in the United States in 2019, vs 11,053 in China, where sales started two months later.  Over 60% were all-wheel-drive in the US.  In Russia, the American awd XT6 is imported with the 2-litre engine with a tax-efficient 200 hp, similar to the one used in the regular 2020 Insignia models.

platform:

C1TL

XT6

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1980

kg

CSS

CSS

HF6 II

wheelbase (cm):

286.3

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

length from (cm):

505.6

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

196.4

cc:

1998

1998

3649

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

mild hybrid

market:

USA/CDN

20-

19-

350T

400

fwd/awd

fwd/awd

9A

9A

kW

177

231

kW

hp

237

310

hp

Nm

350

367

Nm

Russia

20-

350T

awd

9A

kW

147

hp

200

Nm

350

China

19-21

21-

28T

fwd/awd

fwd/awd

9A

9A

max kW

177 > 174

174 + 10

max hp

237 > 233

233 + 13

Nm

350

350 + 50

l/100 km

-20: 7.8/8.2

7.2/7.6

l/100 km

20-21: 7.6/8.1

7.76/8.24

WLTC

 

Cadillac CT5  China: November 2019, USA: December 2019

This is the first Cadillac on the new Alpha 2 rear-wheel-drive platform with digital feature connectivity.  With 43 sold in 2019 in the United States vs 6,191 in China, China again took the lead.  The CT5-V with twin turbo 3-litre engine is not offered in China, nor is all-wheel-drive.

For America, a Cadillac CT5-V ‘Blackwing’ will follow in summer 2021, offering a six-speed manual gearbox in addition to the 10-speed automatic, equipped with an updated supercharged 6.2-litre V8, as was in the CTS-V.  This vehicle, like its CT4-V stablemate, will be equipped with magnesium wheels.  It is worth mentioning that this magnesium alloy wheel is an open innovation achieved by the General Motors Chinese Academy of Sciences in conjunction with Chinese suppliers and universities.

By early 2021, Super Cruise semi-autonomous highway driving became available in North America, and by May in China.

platform:

Alpha 2

CT5

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1660

kg

CSS

HF6

LT4

wheelbase (cm):

294.7

4 cyl.

V6

V8

length from (cm):

492.4

DOHC

DOHC

OHV

width (cm):

188.3

1998

2990

6162

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

twin turbo

supercharger

market:

CT5, CT5-V

CT5-V

USA/CDN

19-

20-

21-

20: 350T

550T, V

Blackwing

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

10A

10A

6M/10A

177

250-265

498

kW

237

335-360

668

hp

350

542-550

893

Nm

China

19-

(28T)"

rwd

10A

max kW

177 > 174

max hp

237 > 233

Nm

350

l/100 km

6.9

" 28T badge till 21.05

 

Cadillac CT4  USA: March 2020, China: April 2020

Also on the Alpha 2 platform, similar in length to its predecessor ATS, and actually not that much different in appearance, the early batch at the dealers in the US are equally divided between rear-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive models.  It will compete with BMW 1-series, Audi A3 and Mercedes-Benz A Class.  The 4-cylinder tripower 2.7-litre engine is not offered in China, nor are the all-wheel-drive models.  The Chinese ATS-L’s successor is the CT5.  In China, by April 2020, the portfolio for Cadillac extends from CT4, CT5, CT6 rwd sedans, to XT4, XT5, XT6 fwd/awd crossovers, all with the 2-litre engine with cylinder deactivation, next to the awd V8 6.2 Escalade ESV, imported since April 2017.

For America, a Cadillac CT4-V ‘Blackwing’ will follow in late summer 2021, offering a six-speed manual gearbox in addition to the 10-speed automatic, equipped with an updated twin-turbocharged 3.6 V6, as was in the ATS-V.

By early 2021, Super Cruise semi-autonomous highway driving became available in North America.

platform:

Alpha 2

CT4

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1570

kg

CSS

CSS

HF6

wheelbase (cm):

277.5

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

length from (cm):

475.6

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

181.5

1998

2727

3564

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

twin turbo

market:

CT4, CT4-V

CT4-V

USA/CDN

20-

20-

21-

350T

500T*, V

Blackwing

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

8A

10A

6M/10A

177

230-242

352

kW

237

309-325

472

hp

350

475-515

603

Nm

China

20-

(28T)"

rwd

8A

max kW

174

max hp

233

l/100 km

6.7

* 1,155 CT4 left the factory with incorrect 450T badge

" 28T badge till 21.02

 

                                                          Net output data are approximate.

                                                          

 

 

                                                         with thanks to carsalesbase.com and http://db.auto.sohu.com pages

 

For recent specifications on Cadillac cars built in China, see:
On a Global Mission: The Automobiles of General Motors International
                                  

 

Far East Auto Literature

16 August, 2021