cadillac

 

Well known as an American big car for the rich, for Europeans it was difficult to understand that GM intended to make the Cadillac marque popular here among premium D-class car buyers with the arrival in 2006 of the BLS, a Swedish built reshaped 4 year old Saab 9-3 on the shorter Epsilon platform. The related Opel Vectra C sedan stood on the longer 270 cm wheelbase, as did the Chevrolet Malibu.

In 2007 a record 3,000 Cadillacs were sold in Europe (4,500 incl. Russia), of which the majority were American models (mainly SUVs), while over 7,000 were sold in China, then a market less than half as large as Europe, with the arrival of the impressive SLS (Seville Luxury Sedan), an (rwd) STS with extended rear compartment, of which 30,000 eventually would be made and sold, the latter half with a 4-cylinder 2-litre turbo engine. The SLS with Northstar V8 engine was limited for export to the Middle East by March 2008. The SLS introduced SGMs OnStar in China late in 2009.

By 2017, GM would sell more Cadillacs in China than in the USA and Canada together, and nowadays more Cadillacs are sold in China, than in the rest of the world, but that is no exception. The Chinese car market surpassed that of the USA in crisis year 2009. From 2008 to 2010, the Chinese car market doubled. The Cadillac brand was introduced in China in 2004. In 2005, nearly 2,800 Cadillac CTS were assembled. Forty-five years earlier, assembling of Cadillacs had stopped in Europe, after these cars had grown too big. Cadillacs (and Buicks) were of course already sold in Taiwan in the 1990s, incl. the Opel-built Catera.

Cadillac XTS China: April 2013

The name of this model preceded the time that X would mean crossover. This front-wheel-drive car on the extended Epsilon II platform denied its all-wheel-drive option and air springs to China. US models without air suspension came only for the 2018 model year, after it was decided to continue the XTS with sales in China growing 25~50% in 2016 and 2017, exceeding US sales year by year. The 2-litre turbo engine in China delivered 45 hp less power, but 45 Nm more torque than the 3.6, abandoned here by 2015. Production of the American XTS will end late 2019, with some 18,000 sold in North America in 2018, vs 65,000 in China.

platform:

ext. Epsilon II

XTS

rear suspension:

see below

GM

GM

GM

wheelbase (cm):

283.7

L850

HF6

HF6

length from (cm):

513.1

4 cyl.

V6

V6

width (cm):

185.2

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

cc:

1998

3564

3564

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

twin turbo

market:

USA/CDN

curb weight from:

1877

kg

13-

13-

rear susp:

13-17

4-link independent, H-arm, air springs

fwd or awd

awd

17-

fwd: 4-link independent, H-arm, coil springs

6A

6A

17-

fwd opt., awd: 4-link indep., H-arm, air springs

227

306

kW

305

410

hp

355

500

Nm

China

4-link independent, H-arm, coil springs

13-

13-14

curb weight from:

1840

kg

28T

36S

fwd

fwd

6A

6A

kW

193

224

hp

262

305

13-18 Nm

400

360

18- Nm

353

 

Cadillac ATS-L China: October 2014

The 8.5 cm longer Chinese ATS-L practically outsold the US ATS from the start. In the USA, the ATS had arrived in autumn 2012 and, after a year was imported to China until the ATS-L was produced there a year later. At that time, in America had arrived a 2-door coupe, which would outlive the sedan there from autumn 2018, while the manual transmission was deleted, which was never offered in China, nor was all-wheel-drive.

platform:

Alpha

ATS/ATS-L

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

L850

L850

L880

HF6

HF6 II

HF6

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

V6

V6

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

cc:

1998

1998

2457

3564

3649

3564

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

twin turbo

market:

ATS-V

USA/CDN

ATS

sedan

coupe

sedan:

12-14

14-18

12-16

12-15

15-18

15-18

curb weight from:

1505

1547 kg

coupe:

14-

14-15

15-

15-

wheelbase (cm):

277.5

277.5

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

rwd/awd

rwd/awd

rwd

length from (cm):

464.3

466.3

6M'/6A

6M'/6A8A

6A > 8A

6A

8A

6M'/8A

width (cm):

180.5

184.2

kW

203

203

151

239

250

346

kW

hp

272

272

202

321

335

464

hp

Nm

353

400

259

373

386

603

Nm

'rwd only

'rwd only, -18

'15: 8A

' 6M: -18

'15: 6A > 8A

China

import

ATS

sedan

13-14

28T

rwd

6A

kW

203

hp

272

Nm

353

China

ATS-L

sedan

14-15

14-

curb weight from:

1600

kg

25T

28T

wheelbase (cm):

286

rwd

rwd

length from (cm):

473

6A

'15: 6A > 8A

width (cm):

182.4

kW

164

200

hp

223

272

Nm

353

400

 

Cadillac CT6 China: January 2016

The first vehicle on the light-weight Omega platform, with a weight from 1655 kg, the impressive CT6 sets new standards for an over 5-meter car with an over 3-meter wheelbase. This is just 55 kg over the much smaller ATS-L. Conceived as a rear-wheel-drive sports sedan (with available all-wheel-drive), there is no air springs option. Two months earlier on the market in China than in the USA, the Chinese CT6 outsold the American CT6 from 2017. The plug in model was the first Cadillac to be imported from China to North America, but this was not repeated for 2019. Production and sales of the CT6 in North America will probably not stop, in spite of an earlier announcement. In China the 3-litre was deleted for 2019. In this model year the new 2-litre turbo engine with active fuel management arrived.

platform:

Omega

CT6

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1655

kg

L850

L850

'LSY'

HF6

HF6 II

Blackwing

wheelbase (cm):

310.9

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

V6

V8

length from (cm):

517.9

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

187.9

cc:

1998

1998

1998

2990

3649

4192

cc

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

turbo

twin turbo

twin turbo

plug in

market:

USA/CDN

16-18

17-18

18-

16-

16-

19-

rwd

rwd

rwd

awd

awd

awd

8A

EVT

10A

8A, '18 > 10A

10A

kW

198

250

177

301

250

373-410

kW

hp

265

335

237

404

335

500-550

hp

Nm

400

586

350

542

385

750-850

Nm

China

16-18

16-

18-

16-18

28T

30E

28T

40T

rwd

rwd

rwd

awd

8A

EVT

10A

8A

kW

198

250

172

296

hp

269

340

234

402

Nm

400

586

350

543

 

Cadillac XT5 China: April 2016

In April 2016 the XT5 was introduced, in the USA with the new V6 3.6 engine, and in China with the 2-litre turbo engine, both markets with the choice of front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive. In 2017 China added a mild hybrid version (6.6 kW/49 Nm motor) with a nine-speed automatic gearbox, reducing the fuel consumption from 8.7 to 7.9 l/100 km. By 2018 Chinese sales exceeded those of North America, with one out of every eight a hybrid.

platform:

C1UL

XT5

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

GM

GM

GM

curb weight from:

1795

kg

L850

L850

L850

HF6 II

wheelbase (cm):

285.7

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

V6

length from (cm):

481.2

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

190.3

cc:

1998

1998

1998

3649

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

turbo

turbo

turbo

market:

USA/CDN

16-

fwd/awd

8A

231

kW

310

hp

367

Nm

China

16-

16-

17-

25T

28T

28E

fwd

awd

awd

8A

8A

9A

kW

179

193

200

hp

243

262

271

Nm

400

400

400

mild hybrid

 

Cadillac XT4 China: September 2018

This light-weight crossover also was launched simultaneously in USA and China, both with the new 2-litre turbo engine with active fuel management, and front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive, with nearly double sales in China thus far.

platform:

E2UL

XT4

rear suspension:

5-link independent, coil springs

GM

curb weight from:

1642

kg

'LSY'

wheelbase (cm):

277.9

4 cyl.

length from (cm):

460

DOHC

width (cm):

188.1

1998

cc

dir. inj.

turbo

market:

USA/CDN

18-

fwd/awd

9A

177

kW

237

hp

350

Nm

China

18-

28T

fwd/awd

9A

kW

172

hp

234

Nm

350

 

Output data are approximate.

The intrinsic value of the American horsepower is 1.4% higher than the metric horsepower used in China.

 

 

  with thanks to carsalesbase.com pages

 

For recent specifications on Cadillac cars built in China, see:
On a Global Mission: The Automobiles of General Motors International

 

Far East Auto Literature

11 April, 2019