BUICK EXCELLE

 

After Shanghai General Motors had chosen for the American Buick Regal to be manufactured in China from 1999, they stuck to this brand when smaller cars were assembled, such as the Opel Corsa B based Buick Sail (in the Brazilian sedan and wagon form) from 2001, and the Buick Excelle from 2003, a rebadged Daewoo Lacetti.  But at the end of that year the Chevrolet brand was introduced for the Spark (Lechi), based on the Matiz, and built by SAIC-GM Wuling. 

Following the globalization of Chevrolet, the Buick Sail became a Chevrolet in early 2005, but then the Excelle sold already over 150,000 as a Buick, so Buick it stayed, though its larger brother, the Epica (Daewoo Magnus/Evanda) was launched as a Chevrolet.  Later Opel models (Astra J and K, Insignia A and B) were branded as Buicks.

The Buick Excelle line is confusing in that two separate car lines are badged Excelle with Roman letters, while they are sold under different names in Chinese characters, pronounced as Kaiyue and Yinglang.  The Chinese pronounce Buick as b’yeah’k.

Buick Excelle (Kaiyue) August 2003 - 2016

The first Buick Excelle (Kaiyue) went on sale in August 2003 and was a rebadged GM Daewoo Lacetti sedan that was launched in November 2002 in South Korea, developed by Daewoo, before GM Daewoo Auto & Technology had started its operations in October 2002.  From 2004, a 5-dr hatchback Excelle HRV and from 2005 a wagon were sold until 2009.  Assembling changed to manufacturing in China, after a waterfall Buick grille had been adopted in 2008, inspired by one designed in Taiwan (Sun Yat-sen is well known here also) in 2006 for their Buick Excelle (based on the mainland model, and lasting until 2009).  Earlier the 1.6 and 1.8 engines became China-made as well.

While the best selling vehicle in this era in China since 2003 was the Wuling Sunshine (Zhiguang) microvan, developed by SGMW (then 34% GM owned), the Excelle took first place in passenger car sales in 2006, replacing the Daihatsu Charade derived Tianjin Xiali that had outsold the long time best seller Volkswagen Santana by 2005 (which has been the best selling vehicle up to 2002).  In 2011 and 2012 the Excelle was best seller again, after the price dropped to 99,900 yuan. Top years were 2013 and 2014 with nearly 300,000 sold.  In 2013, the Wuling Hongguang MPV took the leadership of the Sunshine, with 750,000 sales in 2014, until 2018, when after 15 years GM model reign Volkswagen became leader again (with the Lavida, which has been best selling passenger car since 2015).  It should be noted that these best sellers (VW since 1992) were built by SAIC-partnered companies.

The 1598cc and 1799cc Daewoo engines, based on Opel designs, were replaced in 2013 by an SGM-developed 1485cc engine, that earlier was launched in 2011 in the Baojun 630 (known as Chevrolet Optra by 2014 in Northern Africa).  The Excelle remained popular until its last year with still over 100,000 sold in 2016.  Its gap was filled by the Chinese Chevrolet Cavalier (Kewozi) with the same engine, but on the D2XX-derived PATAC K platform, and sold over 180,000 in 2017.  The Chevrolet Lacetti with locally made 1485cc engine is still CKD-built at GM Uzbekistan, and exported as Ravon Gentra to CIS countries.

It should be noted, that in most markets, the Lacetti was replaced by the Chevrolet Cruze in 2009 (née GM Daewoo Lacetti Premiere in South Korea), even in China, where it was lower priced than its Buick predecessor which nevertheless outsold the Cruze.  When a new Cruze arrived in 2014, the first Cruze was held and sold for 99,900 yuan, now with the 1485cc engine, but then the price of the Excelle had been dropped to 96,900 yuan and it sold better than the whole Cruze range.  Over 2.8 million Kaiyues were made in 13 years, when it stopped production in November 2016, and so it was Buick’s best seller.

 

Daewoo J200

rear suspension:

dual transverse links,

sedan

hatch

wagon

Daewoo

Daewoo

Daewoo

Daewoo

Opel

Opel

Daewoo

SGM

one longitudinal link, coils

1150

1145

1163

kg

ex Opel

ex Opel

ex Opel

ex Opel

Family I

Family II

ex VM

wheelbase (cm):

260

260

260

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

length from (cm):

450

429.5

456.5

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

OHC-4v

DOHC

width (cm):

172.5

172.5

172.5

cc:

1399

1498

1598

1799

1796

1998

1991

1485

cc

inject.

inject.

inject.

inject.

inject.

inject.

dir. inj.

inject.

turbo

diesel

market:

market:

sedan

hatch

wagon

Europe

03-04

Daewoo Nubira

03-04

04-04

sedan/wagon

03-04 '

03-04

03-04

Europe

Europe

04-09

Chevrolet Nubira or Lacetti

04-09

04-09

sedan/wagon

04-09 '

04-09

03-06

06-09

07-09

Europe

Europe

04-09

Daewoo Lacetti, 04 > Chevrolet Lacetti

04-09

hatch

04-09 '

04-09

04-06

06-09

07-09

Europe

 

5M

5M/4A

5M/4A

5M/4A

5M/4A

5M/5A

 

kW

70

78

80

90

89

89

kW

hp

95

106

109

122

121

121

hp

South Korea

02-09

GM Daewoo Lacetti

02-08

04-09

07-08

sedan/hatch/wagon

02-05 '

04-09 '

07-09

South Korea

export

03-13

Chevrolet Optra

03-13

04-12

04-11

sedan/hatch/wagon

03-09 '

03-13

03-06

06-09

07-12

export

CKD sedan export to Uzbekistan ongoing

5M/4A

5M/4A

5M/5A

kW

78

80

89

kW

hp

106

109

121

hp

USA

03-08

Suzuki Forenza

03-08

sedan/wagon

03-08

USA

USA

04-08

Suzuki Reno

04-08

hatch

04-08

USA

Canada

03-08

Chevrolet Optra

03-05

04-08

05-08

sedan/hatch/wagon

03-08

Canada

5M/4A

kW

88~93

kW

hp

119~127

hp

Australia

05-09

Holden Viva

05-09

05-09

05-09

sedan/hatch/wagon

05-09

Australia

5M/4A

kW

89

kW

hp

121

hp

Uzbekistan

08-….

Chevrolet Lacetti '''

08-….

sedan

08-13

13-…. '

Uzbekistan

"' CIS countries: 13-16 Daewoo Gentra, > Ravon Gentra

5M/4A

5M/6A

kW

90

79

kW

hp

122

107

hp

sedan

hatch

wagon

1220

1255

1285

kg

China

03-16

Buick Excelle (Kaiyue)

03-16

05-09

sedan/wagon

03-13 '

03-09

13-16 '

China

China

04-09

Buick HRV Excelle (Kaiyue)

04-09

hatch

04-09

China

length (cm:

451.5

430.8

458

5M/4A

5M/4A

5M/6A

kW

77-81*

88*

80

kW

hp

105-110*

120*

109

hp

l/100 km

8.0/8.3

8.3/9.1

6.6/7.6

l/100 km

10-

7.7/8.0

*gross

*gross

' not wagon

 

Buick Excelle XT/GT (Yinglang) January/June 2010 - 2015

Building on the success of the first Excelle, but on a much higher price level, the Excelle XT 5-dr hatchback was released in January 2010, essentially an Opel Astra J.  Though Excelle-badged this car, was sold as Yinglang rather than Kaiyue, and used the Opel 1598cc (also with turbo) and 1796cc engines.  The Chinese developed a 4-dr sedan version, called Excelle GT, which was released in June 2010, and was the same as the late 2011 North American Buick Verano (with GM US direct injection 2.0 turbo or 2.4 engine).  The 2012 Opel Astra GTC was imported.  Opel decided to design its own Astra sedan (with a 5 liter larger trunk), that was built from autumn 2012 till June 2018, not as a Vauxhall.

This Yinglang eventually sold nearly 250,000 in its last full year 2014.  Both Excelles combined sold over 500,000 in 2013 and in 2014.  Four out of every five Yinglang was a sedan.  When the next Excelle GT arrived in March 2015, the XT hatchback was held until October, and instead of it a wagon version of the new Excelle GT arrived in 2017, called Excelle GX (Yuelang).

platform:

Delta II

Astra J

engines:

rear suspension:

compound crank, coils'

5-dr hb

wagon

3-dr hb"

sedan*

Cascada

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

Opel

GM

GM

1373

1393

1393

1405

1701

kg

ex Fiat

Family 0

Family 0

Family I

Family I

MGE

MDE

ex Isuzu

Family I

ex Fiat

L850

L880

wheelbase (cm):

268.5

268.5

269.5

268.5

269.5

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

length from (cm):

441.9

469.8

446.6

465.8

469.6

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

width (cm):

181.4

181.4

184.0

181.4

183.9

cc:

1248

1364

1398

1598

1598

1598

1598

1686

1796'''

1956

1998

2384

cc

diesel

inject.

inject.

inject.

inject.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

inject.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

' ' Watt's linkage; Opel/Vauxhall non-GTC/Cascada optional from 2012

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

(bi)turbo

turbo

" Astra GTC; Vauxhall GTC from 2014, Opel GTC from 2015

diesel

diesel

diesel

market:

''' East Europe

market:

Europe

09-18

Opel/Vauxhall Astra

5-dr hb

wagon

3-dr hb"

sedan^

Cascada

Cas 13-18

Cas 13-19

Cas 13-18

Europe

09-15

10-15

12-18 "

12-18

13-19

10-15

09-18

09-15

09-18

09-14

13-18

13-18

09-15

12-15

09-16

12-18

^not Vxhll

5M

6M/6A

5M

5M/6A

6M/6A

6M/6A

6M/6A

6M

5M

6M/6A

6M

 

kW

70

88-103

64-74

85

132

125/147

81-100

81~96

103

118~143

206

kW

hp

95

120-140

87-100

115

180

170/200

110-136

110~130

140

160~195

280

hp

^not GTC

^not GTC

^GTC

^no sedan

^GTC

China

10-15

Buick Excelle XT/GT

5-dr hb

sedan

1375 kg

1380 kg

10-15

10-15

10-15

10-15

10-14

length (cm):

441.9

467.1

5M/6A

6A

6A

kW

86

131

105

kW

hp

117

178

143

hp

l/100 km

6.9/7.6

6.2

6.1

l/100 km

USA/CDN

11-16

Buick Verano

sedan

Cascada

Cascada

USA/CDN

11-17

16-19

16-19

12-16

11-17

length (cm):

467.1

469.6

6A

6M/6A

6A

kW

125

184

132

kW

hp

200

250

180

hp

AUS/NZ

15-16

Holden Astra

3-dr hb

Cascada

Cas 6A

Australia

15-16

15-17

15-17

15-16

length (cm):

446.6

469.6

6M/6A

6M

kW

147/125

206

kW

hp

200/170

280

hp

* Opel and Buick sedans are different designs

 

Buick Excelle GT (Yinglang) March 2015 -

Priced at 109,900 yuan range, this second Excelle GT was obviously meant to attract owners of the Kaiyue, which was then still on sale for 97,900 yuan.  It was the first Chinese designed Excelle and retained the Kaiyue’s more comfortable (reworked) independent rear suspension, rather than the Opel Astra semi-independent torsion beam of the first Yinglang.  The popular choice was the 15N model with the 1485cc engine known from the Kaiyue, next to a related 1372cc engine with turbo, initiated in June 2013 in the Encore, and mated to a 7-speed dual clutch automated gearbox.  This gearbox was jointly developed by SGM and SAIC and had debuted in the Chinese Chevrolet Cruze in 2014.  The turbo model had the suffix 18T, suggesting that it had the power of a 1.8 litre engine.

Over 240,000 Yinglang models were sold in its first year vs 175,000 for the Kaiyue.  This rose to 420,000 in 2017, when the Kaiyue was no longer sold.  The Excelle GT was built in an all-new factory in Wuhan.

Then in October 2017, a new generation of 3-cylinder alloy engines was introduced, again jointly developed with SAIC, with dual injection, available with 999cc (15T) and 1349cc (18T), both with a turbocharger.  This twin-jet engine uses port (indirect) injectors only, but closer to the valves.  18T models currently are outselling 15T models, but sold equally in 2018.

Based on the Excelle GT with changed front end and door panels, this spring, the Chinese Chevrolet Monza (Keluze) will be marketed with the same engines, but priced some 10,000 yuan lower, and possibly will replace the current Chevrolet Cruze (Keluzi), that recently has been stopped elsewhere, except for South America, and never sold well in China by in-house competition of the Cavalier.

Buick Excelle GX (Yuelang) October 2017 -

Together with the release of the new engines, a short-backed wagon version of the Yinglang was launched, selling about one to ten, compared with the sedan.  Wagons now became more popular in China for the first time.  One out of ten was a 1.0 turbo (15T) in 2018.

platform:

PATAC-K

Yinglang/Yuelang

rear suspension:

dual transverse links,

1225

1245

kg

SGM

SGM

SGM/SAIC

SGM/SAIC

one longitudinal link, coils

sedan

wagon

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

3 cyl.

3 cyl.

wheelbase (cm):

264

264

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

length from (cm):

458.7

453.9

cc:

1485

1372

999

1349

width (cm):

179.8

179.8

inject.

inject.

dual inj.

dual inj.

turbo

turbo

turbo

5M/6A

7DCT

6M/6DCT

6A

kW

81

103

85

115

hp

110

140

116

156

l/100 km

5.6/5.9

5.9

5.2

5.8

designation:

15N

18T

15T

18T

China

15-

Buick Excelle GT (Yinglang)

15-

sedan

15-17

15-17

17-

17-

China

17-

Buick Excelle GX (Yuelang)

17-

wagon

17-

17-

 

 

Buick Verano (GS) (Weilang) June/December 2015 -

The Chinese Verano sedan arrived in June 2015 and preceded the Astra K based 5-door hatchback, which was released in December, a month after it came in Europe, and sold much less than the sedan.  It was meant to attract owners of the first Yinglang (Astra J), and was sold in the same price category.  The sedan had its own body design, and was for China only.  Engines were the new Opel-designed (in collaboration with SAIC) SGE direct injections.  While Opel chose for 1.0 and 1.4-litre engines, China fitted the 1490cc with (20T) and without turbo (15S).  The turbo engine was coupled to the 7-speed dual clutch automated gearbox, while the non-turbo received a 6-speed automatic, or up to autumn 2017, a 6-speed manual transmission.  The hatchback with turbo engine was called Verano GS, and had its own front and rear treatment.  One to every four Weilang currently is a turbo.

While China now had its own sedan in the Astra K based model range, Opel in Europe would still offer the Astra J based sedan (without a successor) up to 2018, while Holden, from July 2017, surprisingly sold the Cruze sedan as Holden Astra (though production in South Korea ceased within ten months).  This model was on the same D2XX platform as the Astra, using the 270 cm wheelbase on which also the Chinese Verano was built, though the rear suspension did without the Watt’s linkage.  It took a sharp eye to recognize that its body differed from the other Astra models.  But that was the case with the Verano in China as well.  Chevrolet China also sold the Cruze in both sedan and hatchback form.

platform:

D2XX

Astra K/Verano/Astra K

5-dr hb

sedan

wagon

engines:

rear suspension:

compound crank, coils'

1248

1260

1273

kg

Opel/SAIC

Opel/SAIC

Opel/SAIC

Opel/SAIC

Opel/SAIC

Opel

Opel

wheelbase (cm):

266.2

270

266.2

SGE

SGE

SGE

SGE

SGE

MGE

MDE

length from (cm):

437

471.8

470.2

3 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

4 cyl.

width (cm):

180.9

180.2

180.9

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

DOHC

 ' Watt's linkage; Opel/Vauxhall selected models

cc:

999

1399

1399

1490

1490

1598

1598

cc

dir. inj.

inject.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

dir. inj.

 

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

turbo

diesel

5-dr hb

wagon

market:

market:

Europe

15-

Opel/Vauxhall Astra

15-

15-

15-

15-18

15-

15-

15-

Europe

5M/5s

5M

6M/6A

6M

6M/6A

kW

66-77

74

92-110

147

70~118

kW

hp

90-105

100

125-150

200

95~160

hp

s: semi-automatic

5-dr hb

sedan

wagon

AUS/NZ

16-

Holden Astra

16-

note "

17-

16-

16- '"

AUS/NZ

6M/6A

6M

kW

110

147

kW

hp

150

200

hp

" sedan at Holden is Cruze-based

 '" not wagon

5-dr hb

sedan '''

designation (China):

15S

20T

China

15-

Buick Verano (Weilang)

15-

15-

15-

15-

China

"' Chinese developed

6M/6A

7DCT

kW

84

119

kW

hp

114

162

hp

l/100 km

sedan -17

5.9/6.3

6.1

l/100 km

sedan 17-

--/6.1

5.8

l/100 km

hatchback

--/6.3

5.9

 

Buick Excelle (Kaiyue) June 2018 -

In June 2018, a much more modern successor of the Kaiyue arrived yet, based on the all-new low-weight GEM platform for global emerging markets, which is the first GM platform developed under Chinese leadership by PATAC.  It is equipped with the Ecotec dual-jet 3-cylinder 1.3-litre engine introduced in October 2017 in the Excelle GT/GX and Buick GL6, but now without turbocharger and with a high 11.5:1 compression ratio, and available with a CVT gearbox, a Buick first.  Though priced from 83,900 yuan, sales are much lower than the earlier model, probably due to the gap left in 2016 by its predecessor that was filled by the less expensive Chevrolet Cavalier (79,900 yuan) with the conventional 1.5-litre engine, and in despite of a better average fuel consumption of 4.6 litre per 100 km, vs 5.4 for the Cavalier 1.5 (automatic 4.8 vs 5.8).  These new Kaiyue figures are over 40% better than those of the first Kaiyue (before it got the 1.5 engine in 2013).

So the times of the Excelle Kaiyue seem to have come to an end, possibly as the Chinese prefer the softer independent rear suspension of the current Yinglang (priced from .116,900 yuan), selling over 146,000 in the second half of 2018, vs 136,000 for the Cavalier, and less than 10,000 for the new Kaiyue, the latter two with the torsion beam rear suspension.

platform:

GEM

Excelle (Kaiyue) 2nd gen.

1070

kg

rear suspension:

compound crank, coils

sedan

engines:

SGM/SAIC

wheelbase (cm):

261.1

3 cyl.

length from (cm):

446.8

DOHC

width (cm):

176.5

cc:

1349

dual inj.

5M/CVT

kW

76

hp

103

l/100 km

4.6/4.8

designation:

15N

China

18-

Buick Excelle (Kaiyue)

18-

sedan

18-

 

                                                         with thanks to carsalesbase.com pages

 

 

For recent specifications on Buick cars built in China, see:
On a Global Mission: The Automobiles of General Motors International                                  

 

Far East Auto Literature

14 June, 2019