CARDINALIDAE

This American family covers dickcissel, cardinals, grosbeaks, tanagers, buntings, seedeaters, chats.
Howard & Moore inserted this family out of subfamiliy Cardinalinae within Emberizidae in 2003, the American Ornithologistsí Union did so in 1998.

The Dickcissel, Spiza americana since 1824, initially Emberiza americana. Emberiza = bunting; Spiza = finch. AOU moved the Cardinalinae out of Fringillidae (finches) only by 1983. So it started as a bunting in the 18th century, then became a finch in the 19th century, in the bunting family again in the 20th century, and now in the cardinal family.

Recently there has been some shiftings to Cardinalidae done by H&M in 2013 (AOU 2008).

Thraupidae > Cardinalidae
Piranga †††††††††††††† tanagers
Habia ††††††††††††††††† ant tanagers
Chlorothraupis †† tanagers

Emberizidae (before 2003 in Emberizinae) > Cardinalidae
Amaurospiza ††††† seedeaters

Parulidae > Cardinalidae
Granatellus ††††††† chats

And vice versa:

Cardinalidae > Thraupidae
Parkerthraustes†† grosbeak
Saltator †††††††††††††† saltators and grosbeaks

Emberizidae (before 2003 in Cardinalinae) > Thraupidae
Paroaria ††††††††††††† cardinals (AOU 2012)
Gubernatrix †††††† cardinal (SACC 2012)

There are now more cardinals in Thraupidae than in Cardinalidae, but Thraupidae anyway is a much larger group. 22 out of 48 Cardinalidae species were added in the current century (IOC counts 27 out of 53). But 19 species went from Cardinalidae to Thraupidae.

 

 

selected post-war taxons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960s and before

AOU mid 1970s

AOU 1983

H&M 1980 (Peters 1964)

AOU 1998

H&M 2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fringillidae

Fringillidae

Emberizidae

Emberizidae

Cardinalidae

Cardinalidae

 

 

Richmondeninae

Cardinalinae

Cardinalinae

Cardinalinae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Richmondena cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Cardinal

USA, Mexico

 

 

 

Pyrrhuloxia phoeniceus

 

Cardinalis phoeniceus

Vermilion Cardinal

Colombia, Venezuela

Pyrrhuloxia sinuata

Cardinalis sinuatus

Cardinalis sinuatus

Pyrrhuloxia sinuatus

Cardinalis sinuatus

Cardinalis sinuatus

Pyrrhuloxia*

Southern USA, Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* name in Spanish:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brown or Desert Cardinal



H&M 1980

H&M 1980

H&M 2003

H&M 2003

H&M 2013

H&M 2013

H&M 2013

Granatellus venustus

Parulidae

 

Granatellus venustus

Incertae Sedis

 

Granatellus venustus

Red-breasted Chat

Cardinalidae

Granatellus sallaei

Parulidae

 

Granatellus sallaei

Incertae Sedis

 

Granatellus sallaei

Gray-throated Chat

Cardinalidae

Granatellus pelzelni

Parulidae

 

Granatellus pelzelni

Incertae Sedis

 

Granatellus pelzelni

Rose-breasted Chat

Cardinalidae

Amaurospiza concolor

Emberizidae (Emberizinae)

 

Amaurospiza concolor

Emberizidae

 

Amaurospiza concolor

Blue Seedeater

Cardinalidae

Amaurospiza moesta

Emberizidae (Emberizinae)

 

Amaurospiza moesta

Emberizidae

 

Amaurospiza moesta

Blackish-blue Seedeater

Cardinalidae

Habia fuscicauda

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Habia fuscicauda

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia fuscicauda

Red-throated Ant Tanager

Cardinalidae

Habia gutturalis

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Habia gutturalis

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia gutturalis

Sooty Ant Tanager

Cardinalidae

Habia atrimaxillaris

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Habia atrimaxillaris

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia atrimaxillaris

Black-cheeked Ant Tanager

Cardinalidae

Habia cristata

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Habia cristata

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia cristata

Crested Ant Tanager

Cardinalidae

Habia rubica

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Habia rubica

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia rubica

Red-crowned Ant Tanager

Cardinalidae

Chlorothraupis carmioli

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Chlorothraupis carmioli

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia carmioli

Carmiol's Tanager

Cardinalidae

Chlorothraupis olivacea

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Chlorothraupis olivacea

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia olivacea

Lemon-spectacled Tanager

Cardinalidae

Chlorothraupis stolzmanni

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Chlorothraupis stolzmanni

Incertae Sedis

 

Habia stolzmanni

Ochre-breasted Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga roseogularis

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga roseogularis

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga roseogularis

Rose-throated Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga erythrocephala

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga erythrocephala

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga erythrocephala

Red-headed Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga rubriceps

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga rubriceps

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga rubriceps

Red-hooded Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga leucoptera

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga leucoptera

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga leucoptera

White-winged Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga olivacea

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga olivacea

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga olivacea

Scarlet Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga rubra

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga rubra

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga rubra

Summer Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga bidentata

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga bidentata

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga bidentata

Flame-colored Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga ludoviciana

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga ludoviciana

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga ludoviciana

Western Tanager

Cardinalidae

Piranga flava

Emberizidae (Thraupinae)

 

Piranga flava

Incertae Sedis

 

Piranga flava

Hepatic Tanager

Cardinalidae

Rhodothraupis celaeno

Emberizidae (Cardinalinae)

 

Rhodothraupis celaeno

Cardinalidae

 

Caryothraustes celaeno

Crimson-collared Grosbeak

Cardinalidae

Periporphyrus erythromelas

Emberizidae (Cardinalinae)

 

Periporphyrus erythromelas

Cardinalidae

 

Caryothraustes erythromelas

Red-and-black Grosbeak

Cardinalidae

Caryothraustes poliogaster

Emberizidae (Cardinalinae)

 

Caryothraustes poliogaster

Cardinalidae

 

Caryothraustes poliogaster

Black-faced Grosbeak

Cardinalidae

Caryothraustes canadensis

Emberizidae (Cardinalinae)

 

Caryothraustes canadensis

Cardinalidae

 

Caryothraustes canadensis

Yellow-green Grosbeak

Cardinalidae

Caryothraustes humeralis

Emberizidae (Cardinalinae)

 

Parkerthraustes humeralis

Cardinalidae

 

Parkerthraustes humeralis

Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak

Thraupidae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 out of 48 Cardinalidae are shown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country wise, Colombia has the most Cardinalidae species.

 

 

Sources: The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world
Avibase
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16 August, 2021